First and foremost, Originality is always paramount in scientific research, avoid plagiarism by proper citing of the other works [ Proper understanding of plagarism is required]
Avoid Research misconduct by avoiding the intentional fabrication of data/results.
Evidence Support by keeping and maintaining the experiments log files and proper recording of experiment settings and assumptions.
Proper validation of experiments by repeating the experiments in same settings.
The following links are further suggested for researchers to read.
Enjoy reading and feel free to update with other useful information.